History of the Abacus

The abacus has a very long history. It spans over thousands of years. The earliest abacus was invented about 5000 years ago. Some expert historians believe that the abacus was invented by the ancient Chinese. Still others are of the opinion that the abacus was invented by the Babylonians or by the Egyptians. However, all these claims are backed by historical evidence like archaeological excavations and ancient texts. It may be possible that many civilizations may have invented the abacus independently and roughly at the same time.

The first counting device was the human hand and the fingers. The reason why we use the decimal system is that there are 10 fingers (both hands combined) and so it is very easy to count if 10 is the base. Later on man started using natural objects and markings to count and calculate. Larger quantities [exceeding 10] could not be easily count on the fingers. So various natural objects like pebbles and twigs were used.

Merchants needed not only needed a way to count the goods that they bought and sold, they also needed a method to perform calculations. This was achieved with the help of counting boards. Until the advent of a proper number system, counting boards were very popular. The abacus has its origin in one such counting board.

Time line of the history of the abacus:

  • 3000 BC: An early form of abacus originates in the Orient
  • 1000 BC: Chinese start using counting boards
  • 500 BC: Romans and Greeks use counting boards
  • 300 BC: Abacus is widely used as a counting device in China
  • 500 AD: The abacus is used in Europe

Be Your Own Boss! Get Training in Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management

Many people dream of owning their own business some day. You may be one of them and you may even know what kind of business you’d like to own, but it takes more than desire – it takes expertise and knowledge in many areas of business to be successful.

It takes knowing how to combine sophisticated business savvy, resource management skills and interpersonal talent to create a working organization. It takes stamina and expertise to take calculated risks to spark new companies or advance existing ones. Many entrepreneurs are born, but most are made. And fortunately, there are many college programs today leading to an associate, bachelor, and master’s degree that can help you pursue an entrepreneurship career.

Learn the Vital Elements of Successful Entrepreneurship

Pursuing a degree in entrepreneurship, you will learn about seeking, receiving, and managing venture capital. You can develop your skills in creating brands, partnerships, writing grants and procuring business development loans. Coursework can include accounting, human resources management (recruiting and staffing), business-plan writing, budgeting, investments, communications strategy and marketing – all the vital elements to help you get on your way.

Some online, self-paced programs offer the option of taking an internship with an existing company. This provides you with direct mentoring from management and business leadership as well as the opportunity to develop life-long business contacts and partnerships.

Entrepreneurs Find Opportunities in Businesses of All Sizes

Entrepreneurs are needed across all business sectors in the country, including financial, manufacturing, marketing, technology, and healthcare industries — as well as millions of small and medium-sized businesses.

U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) Reports that Small Businesses:

  • generate 60-80% of all new jobs each year in the U.S
  • contribute more than half of the United States’ non-farm private sector gross domestic product (GDP)
  • produce 13 to 14 times more patents per employee than large patent-producing firms

These are just a few points of importance for the contributions of small businesses in our economy. And small businesses can grow into very successful medium to large businesses with the right information and knowledge.

Flexible Online Education for Hopeful Entrepreneurs

No matter the level of your entrepreneurship training, you can find flexible online courses from accredited colleges and universities that offer the latest in theoretical studies combined with hands-on instruction in contemporary management and financial software. You can gain the knowledge you need and get on the road to success with online courses in entrepreneurship.

Specialized Degrees

Looking for a specialized entrepreneurship degree or certification course? You’ll find them at both undergraduate and graduate levels. There are online colleges offering a Bachelor Degree in Business, Master’s of Business Administration, and Master’s Degree in Entrepreneurship. And you’ll find colleges offering online training leading to a graduate certificate in entrepreneurship.

If you’re ready to pursue an ambitious career in Entrepreneurship or Small Business Management, discover how you can begin today with a convenient online program from an accredited college or university. Online programs are designed especially for individuals ready to improve their opportunities or change careers completely.

Domain Name – 3 Reasons Why You Should Have Your Main Keyword in Your Domain Name

A good domain name provides a great deal of value for your organization and there are many different reasons why this can make a difference for your online business. One of the best ways to capitalize is by placing your main keyword in the domain name itself. This can give you a head start in your quest towards successful online business development.

Here are 3 reasons why you should have your keyword in your domain name.

1. Immediate SEO. Having your keyword in your domain name is like an immediate SEO boost. You are automatically going to have an edge on other websites who do not include keywords in their domain name. The more places you can put your keywords the better, and no place is more important than your domain name because its power transfers to every page on your site.

2. Advertising. Using your keyword in your domain name is giving you an opportunity to advertise to people and entice them to click on your link. When people see what your website is all about, they will instantly give more credibility and recognition to it if it matches what they are looking for. Therefore you'll be able to drive more traffic to your site just by having your URL displayed.

3. Targeting your Audience. It's extremely important to target your audience and to attract the right kinds of people to your website. Including keywords is another easy way that you can complete this task for your online business. If your website domain is "JoesStore", nobody is going to know what your website is about. However, if your domain is "JoesDiscountTools", then people will immediately know what to expect from your site and you'll be able to target your audience far more effectively.

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Run Cooler Motorcycles

A motorcycle's suspension is a thankless job as it attempts to isolate riders from the irregularity of the road. With every fork compression and expansion your motorcycle's fork oil gets hotter and ever loses viscosity. As the oil loses viscosity your forks compress easier and easier, and since there is no more added rebound your suspension wallows and the bumps in the road become bumps in your handlebars and seat. Keep your forks still, strong and cool by spending a half hour and $ 15 installing some fresh fork oil. You will need a liter of fork oil ($ 10), a Ratio Rite ($ 4) to measure the proper amount of oil, a car jack, a funnel ($ 1) and some basic hand tools.

Look in your motorcycle's workshop manual to figure out the amount and viscosity of the oil currently in your forks. If you would like a stiffer suspension purchase thicker weight fork oil and purchase thinner oil if you prefer a softer suspension. Raise the front of your motorcycle off the ground using a car jack under the engine block. Remove the front wheel and front fender to allow you access to the triple trees. Measure the amount your fork stanchions stick out above your triple trees and loosen the caps on the left and right fork stanchions. Loosening the upper and lower triple trees and remove both fork stanchions. Unscrew the fork caps but be careful as the caps have a tendency to fly off as a spring is pushing against them. With the caps off, turn the stanchions upside down, remove the fork spring and let the oil drain out. Pay attention to see if the oil is dark, thick or filled with bits of fiber or metal. Pump the suspension up and down to fully evict all of the used oil.

Once the old oil has been removed we can start filling the fresh oil. Since the amount of oil affects how the forks will compress, think about if you liked the handling of your suspension or would prefer a stiffer or softer set up. If you liked the old set up, fill the Ratio Rite with the amount of oil specified in your workshop manual and fill a fork leg. Pump the fork stanchion up and down to eliminate all of the air in the system. This typically involves pumping the fork for two minutes. Once you are done move on to the other leg and repeat the process. When you are finished compress both forks and measure how far the oil is from the top of the forks. The number should be the same for both forks. If not keep pumping or add some oil to the fork with the lower level of oil. Insert the fork springs, compress the fork, install and tighten the fork cap. Insert the fork stanchions through the triple trees up to their previous height above the top triple tree. Reassemble all of the parts, making sure to torque the axle, axle pinch bolts, fork caps, upper and lower triple trees to factory recommended settings. Say thanks to your suspension and your suspension will thank you by running cooler and better absorbing every bump you hit.